Tag Archives: Som Tum

Som Tum (Spicy Papaya Salad)

Som Tum

          Som tum is one of  favorite dishes of Thais. To prepare papaya salad, pounded grated papaya with tomatoes, roasted peanuts, dried shrimp, chili, and garlic in a mortar. Cook with palm sugar, fish sauce, pickled crab, or fermented fish. It is usually served as a side dish with sticky rice and grilled chicken, as well as cabbage, long beans, and morning glories. Som Tam is from the Northeast, according to legend. There is no doubt that this is Isaan cuisine. It is, however, impossible to estimate how long it has been. The key ingredient in Som Tum, however, was introduced into Thailand during the early Ayutthaya period. Nicola’s Chevas and de la Loubert were French ambassadors who came to Ayudhya during King Narai the Great’s reign. They recount how the papaya had become an indigenous plant in Siam at the time. As a result, it was determined that Papaya Salad had most likely existed for an extended period of time. Currently, Papaya Salad has been changed in a number of ways to suit the tastes of each local, such as Thai papaya salad, Som Tam Pu (crab salad), and papaya salad with salted eggs, among others. The term “Som Tum” is a mixture of two words: “Som,” which is a local language of the Northeast region that means “sour flavour,” and “Tum,” which is the usage of a cooking equipment or pestle, which we use to pound down all the components. When these two words are combined, it denotes sour food that has been pounded.

Som Tum Nutrition information

                 Thai medicinal elements such as papaya, tomato, long beans, fresh paprika, garlic, sugar Pail, lime, and fish sauce are among the key ingredients in Som Tum. Almost all papaya contains vitamin C, calcium, phosphorus, and iron, which aid in the prevention and treatment of colds and scurvy, as well as the strengthening of bones and teeth and acting as a mild laxative. Tomatoes have a lot of antioxidants, which help slow down the ageing process. Thai pepper can be used to treat wind colic, bloating, and flatulence in order to increase perspiration. Garlic is an expectorant, perspiration inducer, diuretic, and aids in fat, cholesterol, and blood sugar lowering. Palm sugar contains vitamins such as calcium, phosphorus, and iron. The anti-inflammatory benefits of lemon are well known. Toxins are removed, vitamin C and citric acid are present, and blood vessels are strengthened. Fish sauce contains a lot of protein and amino acids. Yard Long bean has water-soluble fibre and is strong in vitamin C. Used as a kidney and spleen tonic.

Som Tum

Ingredients of Som Tum

                      2 cups shredded green papaya, 1/2 cup shredded carrot, 1/2 cup sting bean (cut into 1’long), 2 teaspoons fish sauce, 1 1/2 tablespoons palm sugar, 3 tablespoons lime juice, 1/2 cup tomato (wedged), 1/3 cup dried shrimp, 1/4 cup peanuts, 10 green chilies, 5 garlic cloves


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