Khao Tom Mud (Coconut Sticky Rice with Banana Filling) is a popular Thai dessert that few people are unfamiliar with. The dessert is both useful and nutritious, and the ingredients are easily available locally. It is also a dessert that uses flavored rice, which is the staple food of Thai people. It is possible to consider “Khao Tom Mud” to be one of Thai ancestors’ local wisdom. Khao Tom Mud is also one of the desserts that Thais enjoy offering to monks and using in merit events on a regular basis. It’s inexpensive, simple to obtain, and aids in stomach filling. If you visit Thailand, don’t miss out on tasting this sweet and delicious Thai dessert.
Khao Tom Mud's Story
“Khao Tom Mud” or “Khao Tom Phad” is a sticky rice and coconut milk dessert. The banana filling is then wrapped in banana leaves or young coconut leaves and steamed until cooked. In the south, sticky rice with coconut milk wrapped in banana leaves is known as “Hor Tom,” and if wrapped in coconut leaves and tied with a rope, it is known as “Hor Mud.” The dessert is similar to Khao Tom Mud, which is also found in other countries. In the Philippines, for example, it is known as “Ibos or Suman” and it, like Khao Tom Mud, is classified into several varieties. Another type of Khao Tom Mud is “Khao Tom Luk Yod,” which is a dessert served at the end of Buddhist Lent. It is wrapped in an oval shape from coconut or bay leaf, covering glutinous rice mixed with black beans without filling, tied together in a bunch, and cooked. Another dish from the south is “Khao Tom Mud Tai,” which is boiled rice wrapped and tied with golden beans pounded with coriander root, garlic, pepper, pork, lard, seasoned with salt, water, and sugar, wrapped in banana leaves into sticks, tied into 4-5 pieces, and boiled. The northeastern region refers to Khao Tom Mud as Khao Tom Kluay, which is wrapped in raw sticky rice and seasoned with a pinch of salt. Add the boiled peanuts, mix them together, then wrap them in bundles, then add the banana fillings and bring to a boil until they are cooked. If it’s a fried recipe, it will first stir-fry sticky rice with coconut milk before wrapping it in banana filling and boiling it. If you want a sweet taste, dip it in sugar before eating.
In Laos, there is also Khao Tom Mud, which is called “Khao Tom” if the salty filling is made with lard and mung bean paste and “Khao Tom” if the sweet filling is made with bananas. There is also a similar dessert called “Khao Tom Yuan,” which is similar to Khao Tom Mud but is wrapped larger and cooked by boiling before being eaten. It is cut into small pieces and tossed with grated coconut, salt, and sugar before being eaten. The last one is Khao Tom Mud, which is cooked in the Bok sub-district of Srisaket province. The dessert is twice as long as normal Khao Tom Mud, but it is still wrapped in banana leaves and made with glutinous rice in three colors: black glutinous rice, red glutinous rice, and normal glutinous rice, as well as bananas and black beans, and it can also be filled with corn. In 2014, the Ministry of Culture’s Department of Cultural Promotion designated Khao Tom Mud as an intangible cultural heritage in the field of knowledge and practices concerning nature and the universe in order to prevent its extinction.
Khao Tom Mud's religious beliefs
According to Buddhist legend, the Lord Buddha wishes to appease his mother because he died 7 days after his birth and was reborn as a god in the Dusit heaven. As a result, in the seventh year following his enlightenment, the Buddha ascended to live in the Daowadung heaven. Preach the Abhidhamma Pitaka and please the Buddha’s mother for one year, until he descended from the Daowadung heaven and settled in Sangkassa. Many people flocked to see Lord Buddha in order to offer food and other items to him, causing some people to be unable to enter the alms bowl. As a result, they created Khao Tom and threw them into the Buddha’s alms bowl. And it was said that before throwing, the townspeople prayed that their Khao Tom would fall into the bowl rather than hitting the Buddha, which was the origin of the phrase “Khao Tom Luk Yod.”
Thais typically bring Khao Tom Mud to offer to monks during the merit events ceremony on the last day of Buddhist Lent, also known as the Tak Bat Devo ceremony. The reason Thais liked to bring Khao Tom Mud to offer to the monks was because they believed, according to legend in the Buddha’s time, that the city people who came to wait for the Lord Buddha in the Buddha’s time to make merit and offer food to monks because it was convenient and easy to eat. Some people claimed that it was customary to bring khao Tom Mud to make offerings to monks because it was used as supplies for traveling to spread Buddhism in distant places. Khao Tom Mud is more than just a snack; it also has cultural values, which are the cultural roots of Thai people.
Furthermore, in the past, rice porridge was given as a symbol of a couple. Because Khao Tom Mud will appear to be bringing two desserts to tie together. They believe that if young people make merit with Khao Tom Mud on the Buddhist Lent day, their love will be good and their married life will last forever, just like Khao Tom Mud. People used to make Khao Tom Mud to give to monks on the last day of Buddhist Lent.
Khao Tom Mud Ingredients
1 kg glutinous rice
-1/2 cup black beans, cooked
-3 quarts coconut milk
–2 teaspoons salt
-A leaf of pandanus
1 cup sugar plus 1/2 cup
-10-15 bananas that are ripe (or other fillings of your choice)
Khao Tom Mud wrapping equipment
-Hammered and soaked in water for 2-3 hours to soften (or rope)
How to cook Khao Tom Mud
1. Soak the black beans overnight, then steam until tender.
2. Thoroughly wash the glutinous rice (about twice) and soak it in water for 4 hours before scooping it up and draining it.
3. In a medium-high heat pan, combine the coconut milk and pandan leaves. When the coconut milk begins to boil, remove the pandan leaves and season with salt and sugar.
4. Remove from the heat and stir in the sticky rice and coconut milk. Stir-fry for about 15 minutes, or until the glutinous rice begins to dry, then set aside to cool.
5. Peel and cut the bananas in half before preparing them. Tear the banana leaves into two pieces. Place the banana leaves with the light colored side facing each other, large leaves on the outside and small leaves on the inside.
6. Scoop about 1 tablespoon glutinous rice onto a banana leaf with a spoon and flatten the glutinous rice. Place the banana in the center and cover it once more with sticky rice. Then top it with black beans.
7. Then tightly wrap and fold the banana leaf and tie it with a peg or rope. Do everything.
8. Place the steamed rice in a crate. Steam for 20 minutes on high heat, then remove it from the steamer and place it on a serving plate.
Khao Tom Mud Nutrition
Khao Tom Mud provides energy and nutrients.
Whole grain porridge contains 183 calories, 2.5g protein, 38g carbohydrates, and 2.3g fat per 100g.
Khao Tom Mud’s Nutritional Advantages
– Glutinous rice is a type of carbohydrate. Give the body energy, give the body warmth.
– Bananas are carbohydrates that provide energy to the body. They also provide warmth, allowing the body to perform various activities effectively.
– Salt is a carbohydrate that gives the body energy. It provides warmth, allowing the body to perform a variety of tasks effectively. The solubility of the substance affects digestion, absorption, and how much it can be used.
-Proteins are found in black beans or peanuts, followed by fats, minerals, and vitamins. Assist the body in growing by, for example, assisting in the formation of cells and tissues. including the replacement of worn organ parts. It is the chemical component that gives it the ability to resist disease and provide energy when carbohydrate intake is insufficient. A gram of protein contains 4 calories.
– Sugar is a carbohydrate that provides energy to the body. It also provides warmth, which allows the body to perform various activities well.