Tag Archives: Kanchanaburi History

Kanchanaburi, Thailand

           Kanchanaburi is a popular tourist destination in Thailand’s central area. loaded of fascinating historical stories It is a prehistoric civilization that dates back thousands of years. It is the location of the River Kwai Bridge. This is a historical site in Thailand from World War II that is well-known around the world. Natural attractions abound, such as the Lam Na Phrai forests, caverns, and waterfalls. Kanchanaburi is located 129 kilometers from Bangkok and has a land area of 19,473 square kilometers. The majority of the terrain is forested, with both scant and evergreen forests. There are two major rivers. The Khwae Yai River and the Kwai Noi River run together to form the Mae Klong River near Mueang. Kanchanaburi is a district in Thailand. Kanchanaburi is divided into thirteen districts: Mueang District, Bo Ploy District, Lao Khwan District, Phanom Thuan District, Sai Yok District, and Sangkhla Buri District. Si Sawat District, Tha Maka District, Tha Muang District, Thong Pha Phum District, Dan Makham Tia District, Nong Prue District, and Huai Krachao District are among the districts.

            A large area which is the current location of Kanchanaburi Province has a continuous and long history. The final chapter in Kanchanaburi’s history. Return to the first page of history by clicking the link. It just so happened that a conscripted prisoner of war built a railroad. Stone tools used by prehistoric humans have been discovered. During the construction of the railway at Ban Kao Station, Chorakhephuak Sub-district, Mueang district, archaeological excavations were conducted and evidence of many prehistoric people was discovered. Even today, new discoveries are being made. During the Dvaravati period, which is Thailand’s historical period, archaeological sites and antiques were discovered at Parang Phe Sub-district, Sangkhlaburi District (currently a reservoir area Khao Laem Dam), which is a chedi like Chula Praton Chedi, Nakhon Pathom Province, Chedi at Ban Khu Bua, Ratchaburi Province, and Mueang U Thong, Suphan Buri Province. Furthermore, a huge number of Dvaravati period chedi bases and amulets were discovered near Ban Tha We, along the Khwae Yai River, Lat Ya Sub-district, and Mueang district. All of these demonstrate that in those days, many riverbank regions were major transportation routes, with a community or an ancient city that had a tight tie with the ancient community.


           During the Bayon period under Jayavarman VII in the 18th Buddhist century, Khmer had expanded influence into Thailand, which was found vital evidence in Prasat Muang Sing, which is defined as a Khmer temple in Kanchanaburi. Furthermore, evidence of Khmer art from the same period was discovered at Khruth and Klondo city’s Sai Yok area. During the Sukhothai period, evidence was discovered in the northern chronicles that Kanchanaburi became a colony of Suphan Buri, as stated in an ancient record that Phaya Kong invaded Kanchanaburi, but there was less proof to corroborate it. The site is located in Ban Tha Sao, Lat Ya Subdistrict, near Chonkai Mountain, and there are still remnants of ancient ruins and antiques that can be viewed today.

           Kanchanaburi is still a frontier city, as it was throughout the Thonburi and Rattanakosin eras. During King Rama I’s reign, His Highness relocated Kanchanaburi to a new place at Ban Pak Phraek to defend against the Burmese army marching down the Mae Klong River to invade Bangkok. During King Rama 3’s reign, a solid wall was built around the city, and the king appointed a governor named Phra Prasit Songkhram. In addition, seven tiny villages along the route were being promoted as frontier cities. When Thailand was reformed administratively during the reign of King Rama 5, each Monthon was commanded by a royal commissioner known as Thesaphiban. Kanchanaburi was absorbed into Ratchaburi province and divided into three districts: Muang District, Nuea District (now Tha Muang District), and Southern District (currently Phanom Thuan District). Two new districts were founded in 1924, namely Tha Maka District, Thong Pha Phum District, and Sangkhla Buri District.

            World War II, also known as the Great Eastern War, began when the Japanese Empire launched a nationalist campaign under the slogan “Asia for Asians” and proclaimed the formation of a new Asian organization. with the purpose of occupying China and other Asian countries that have been subjugated by Western powers Thailand was invaded by the Japanese Empire, and the Thai government surrendered within 24 hours of the Japanese assault. On December 21, 1941, the Thai government made an official alliance with Japan. Japan chose to build a strategic railway from Nong Pla Duk Junction in Ban Pong District Ratchaburi into Kanchanaburi Province, crossing the Khwae Yai River and continuing along the Kwai Noi River to the Chedi Sam Ong (Three Pagodas Pass) and on to Thanbyuzayat in Myanmar.

            More than 60,000 prisoners of war, including British, Australian, Dutch, and Indonesians, as well as a considerable number of laborers, including Malays, Indians, Chinese, Vietnamese, Indonesians, Burmese, and Thais, totaled around 200,000 persons. Until a big number of individuals died as a result of the winding down the cliff. Thais refer to it as the “Death Railway.” This railway track It is a memorial to the world that honors the crimes of World War II as well as those who died in the war. to the end of the destination at the waterfall station, becoming a historical and natural tourism area, which the State Railway of Thailand Opens to walk on this path every day and prepares a special train on the Bangkok – Nam Tok Line for travelers to visit every weekend and public holiday


           The province is located in western Thailand, 129 kilometers from Bangkok, and has a total area of approximately 19,483 km2. After Nakhon Ratchasima and Chiang Mai, it is the country’s third largest province. It is covered in timber and evergreen forests on the topography. The famed River Kwai runs across the territory. There are several national parks in high forest areas. Among these is the Thungyai Naresuan Wildlife Sanctuary, which is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.


The province of Uthai Thani is reached from the north. Tak Province and Myanmar’s Union

The provinces of Ratchaburi and Nakhon Pathom are connected to the south.

Suphan Buri Province is reached from the east.

The Union of Myanmar is connected to the west.


        Kanchanaburi has a year-round climate, with temperatures ranging from 25°C to 40°C during the summer months of February to May. From late June through October, the rainy season lasts. Winter lasts from November to January. From February to October, the average temperature ranges between 32 and 40 degrees Celsius. Between July and September. There may be significant rain, and it may rain in the conclusion, but only for a few hours. The climate is tropical, and as a result, it is extremely hot in April. Kanchanaburi is located at 14 01N and 099 32E latitude and longitude.

How to travel to Kanchanaburi

Traveling by private vehicle

        Take Petchkasem Road or Borommaratchachonnani Road. It takes around an hour and a half to travel from Nakhon Chai Si to Kanchanaburi through Nakhon Pathom, Ban Pong, Tha Maka, and Tha Muang, a total distance of 129 kilometers. Alternatively, take the Chalerm Mahanakorn Expressway. Call 1543 for additional details.

Take an air-conditioned bus or van.

            Every 20 minutes from 05.00-22.30 hours, a first-class air-conditioned car departs from the Southern Bus Terminal (Running a new line, Borommaratchachonnani Road – Nakhon Chai Si). Every 20 minutes, second-class air-conditioned buses depart. From 05.10 to 21.00 hrs., there are two routes: the old route (Petchkasem Road – Om Yai – Nakhon Chai Si) and the new route (Borommaratchachonnani Road – Nakhon Chai Si). It takes approximately 2 hours. Nowadays, visitors can go to Kanchanaburi by bus and van at Ekkamai and Mo chit bus terminal.

Please contact Kanchanaburi Tour at 0 2435 5012 or visit their website for additional details. http://www.transport.co.th/

Taking the train

         Departs from Bangkok Noi Railway Station twice a day at 07.40 and 13.50, with a stop at Kanchanaburi Station in between. It takes around 4 and a half hours to get to the Bridge over the River Kwai, Tha Kilen, and Waterfall Station. For further information, call Bangkok Noi Railway Station at 0 2411 3102. Saturday – Sunday, as well as public holidays There is a special train available. Make the return trip in a single day. For more information, call the State Railway of Thailand at 0 2223 7010, 0 2223 7020, or 1690, or visit their website. http://www.railway.co.th/

Travels within the province

          Kanchanaburi Bus Station, Saeng Chuto Road, features a convenient bus service inside the province. There are buses to several districts, including Bo Ploy sub-district and Nong Prue sub-district. Thong Pha Phum and Sangkhlaburi districts Alternatively, visit Erawan Waterfall, Khao Phang Waterfall, or Sai Yok Yai Waterfall. Details on the Kanchanaburi bus station can be obtained by calling 0 3451 1182.


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